今日冬至!“数九寒天”模式正式开启
来源:综合自:人民日报、天下养生网、网络     发布日期:2017年12月23日
我国开始进入"数九寒天",即人们常说的"进九"。历史上曾有"冬至大如年"的说法,但关于冬至的习俗,你又知道多少呢?
本文来源:http://www.suxiaoqi.com/a/www.mala.cn/

重庆时时彩官方计划 www.suxiaoqi.com,    世界卫生组织统计显示,全球骨质疏松患者总数已超过2亿,由骨质疏松所导致的骨折每年有130万~160万人次。(Tianshannet)Updated:2016-October-1818:54:34SchoolstudentsfromtheethnicgrouparehopingtheycanhelpChinaachieveitsgoalofbecomingamajorglobalplayerby2050.AsatorrentialdownpourunloadedonaBeijingsoccerfieldonasummerday,agroupofboysfromtheUygurethnicgroupplayedon.Theircoach,ParhatMamtemin,calledinvainforthemtocomeinfromtherain."Theytakenonotice,"hesaid,withasigh.Theteam,fromMoyucounty,Hotanprefecture,inthesouthoftheXinjiangUygurautonomousregion,hasjustcompletedanationalyouthsoccertournamentinJinzhouinthenortheasternprovinceofLiaoning.Theysweptthefieldwith11winsandnolosses,scoring92goals.Itwastheteam'sbest-everperformance."Iusedtoplayforwardinourteam,like(Cristiano)Ronaldo,"said12-year-oldAzimat,wistfully.However,unlikehisPortugueseidol,Azimatmissedanumberofchancestoscore,so,takingtheboy'scalmcharacterintoaccount,coachParhatmadehimthegoalkeeper.InJinzhou,Azimatconcededjustthreegoals,andmadeagreatcontributiontotheteam'sperformance.Azimat'sparentswerelesssupportiveoftheirson'stalentwhenhejoinedtheteam."ManyparentsinChinastilldonotrecognizetheimportanceofchildrenplayingsports,"Parhatsaid."Allsports,includingsoccer,arejustrecreationintheiropinion."BroadeninghorizonsIntheearlydays,someparentsinterruptedParhat'strainingsessionsandforcedtheirchildrentoleave.Butastheysawtheteamflyaroundthecountrytoplaygames,theparentsgraduallyacceptedtheirchildren'spassionforthe"beautifulgame"."Theyrealizedthatsoccercanbroadentheirchildren'shorizons,"saidParhat,whoteachesChineseandmathattheprimaryschoolinKawakvillageinMoyucounty.Heestablishedtheschoolsoccerteamin2006,trainingtheyoungplayersafterclass.Todate,40boyshaveplayedintheteam,andinthepast10years,morethan200studentshavejoinedtrainingsessions.Nonehavebecomeprofessionalsoccerplayers."Ourschoolissoremotethatfewsoccerteamscometoselectpotentialyoungplayers,"Parhatsaid.Theschooloccasionallymissesoutonmatchfixtureinformation,too."OurteamrepresentsthegeneralconditionofgrassrootsschoolsoccerinXinjiang,"Parhatsaid."Butthechildrenloveplaying."Theregionalsolacksflatpitchesandaprofessionaltrainingsystem.Parhat'steamisluckytobefundedbythelocalgovernment,theeducationbureauanddonations,whichallowedthechildrentotraveltoSpaininAprilforamonth-longtrainingprogram.GoldeneraEachteammemberhashisowndream.Azimatyearnstoplayintheforwardpositionagainlikehishero,Ronaldo,whileParhatwantstoleadhisboystogloryinthecountycompetitionandmakesocceraspecialtyathisprimaryschool.AsofJune,theMinistryofEducationhadapprovedsoccerasaspecialtysubjectat14,000schoolsnationwide.InApril,thenationaldevelopmentdrivewasendorsedinagovernmentplanthatsetthegoalofChinaenteringsoccer's"eliteclub"andbecominga"top-classsoccernation"by2050.The14-pagedocument,TheMediumandLong-TermPlanforChineseSoccerDevelopment,outlinedavisionofthesport'sprogressto2050andintroducedpragmaticmeasurestoachievethegoal.By2020,Chinawillhave20,000specialistsoccerschools,and30millionelementaryandmiddleschoolstudentswillbeamongmorethan50millionactiveparticipantsinthegame,accordingtotheplan.Allsoccerschools,collegesanduniversitiesshouldhaveatleastonestandardpitch.Inthenextfouryears,60,000pitchesnationwidewillberenovated,refurbishedorbuilt,andatleasttwostandardpitcheswillbebuiltforpublicuseineachcounty,exceptinmountainousareas."So-calledspecialistsoccerschoolsteacheverystudenttomastersoccerskills,"saidWangDengfeng,directoroftheministry'sdepartmentofphysical,healthandartseducation."Intermsofpopularityandcognitivelevel,China'sschoolsoccerisexperiencingagoldenera."Settinggoals"Inspiteofthis,manysports,includingsoccer,stillfaceindifference,ashortageofcoaches,andalackoffixtures,"Wangsaid."SportsarenotonChina'seducationcurriculum,exceptfortheentranceexaminationforsecondaryschool."Toimprovethesituation,theministryhastrained15,000schoolsoccercoachesacrossthecountryandissuedavideotrainingguidetoschoolsnationwide.Wangsaidanewschoolsoccersyllabuswillbeissuedthismonth.Theplanstipulatesthatonepitchmustserveevery20,000peopleby2020andevery10,000peopleby2030torealizethegoalofbecomingaglobalsoccerpower.However,Wangsaid,urbanareasdon'thaveenoughspaceforsoccerpitches,whileruralareaslackmoney."Matchesaretheperfectplatformtopromotesports,"hesaid,addingthathewouldliketoseeasoccercompetitionsysteminprimaryandmiddleschools,andalsoincolleges."Regionalleaguesmustbeoptimized,"Wangsaid,arguingthatthebestplayersattheprefectural,municipal,provincialandnationallevelswillemergefromtheleagues.ChinaFeaturesisafeaturedepartmentofXinhuaNewsAgency,whichwritesin-depthstoriesforoverseasreaders.AplayerfortheBeijingXuanwuHuiminPrimarySchoolteamheadstheballduringamatchatthe14thNationalChildren'sFootballTournamentinYantai,Shandongprovince,inAugust.TangKe/XinhuaMembersofavillagesoccerteampracticeinXuanencounty,Hubeiprovince,duringthesummervacationinJuly.SongWen/XinhuaChildrenplaysocceronasidewalkinKashgarintheXinjiangUygurautonomousregion.HuangXiaoyong/Xinhua(SOURCES:ChinaDaily)Editor:Chengli

古人将冬至分为三候

一候蚯蚓结;二候麋角解;三候水泉动。

【冬至的习俗】

祭天祭祖

许多老一辈人至今依然将冬至祭祖看作这一天最重要的习俗,要在这一天向逝去的先人表达感激之情,感谢他们在过去一年的庇护。祭祖的同时,有的地方也祭祀天神、土地神,叩拜神灵,以祈福来年风调雨顺,家和万事兴。

吃饺子

在我国北方许多地区,每年冬至日,有吃饺子的习俗。相传医圣张仲景告老还乡时看到受冻的百姓,便用羊肉和一些驱寒药材以及面皮,包成像耳朵的样子,做成一种叫"驱寒矫耳汤"的药物,施舍给百姓吃。后来,每逢冬至,人们便模仿做着吃,形成了习俗。

数九

冬至一到,开始数"九"。在古代,入九以后,文人墨客喜欢搞消寒活动,择一"九"日,相约九人饮酒("酒"与"九"谐音),席上用九碟九碗,成桌者用"花九件"席,以取九九消寒之意。

冬至团

在南方一些地区,则比较盛行吃冬至团(冬至丸),取其团圆的意思。每逢冬至清晨,各家各户磨糯米粉,并用糖、肉、莱、果、萝卜丝等做馅,包成冬至团,不但自家人吃,也会赠送亲友以表祝福之意。
实际上,冬至吃汤圆,是我国的传统习俗,在江南更是普遍,民间也有"吃了汤圆大一岁"的说法。

喝羊汤

山东地区较典型的冬至民俗,尤以滕州为盛。冬至吃羊肉的习俗,据说是从汉代开始的。相传,汉高祖刘邦在冬至这一天吃了樊哙煮的羊肉,觉得味道特别鲜美,赞不绝口,从此在民间形成了冬至吃羊肉的习俗。

【冬至养生】

一、做好防寒工作

冬至正是"阴阳大变身"的时候,也是人体抵抗力最差的时候,人极容易受寒,也容易生病,所以,冬至前后养生的核心就是"躲寒、躲冷",大家一定要做好防寒的工作,特别是中老年人,应注意保暖,这个时候老年人的发病率会猛增,患心血管病的人往往会病情加重,患"中风"者增多,要提高警惕。

二、以静为主

冬至养生应以静为主,切忌过于运动出汗,同时,冬至"养心"也很重要,应避免过于抑郁,思虑,避免长期"超负荷运转"防止过度劳累,积劳成疾。
建议:冬季养生,要静神少虑,保持精神畅达乐观,不为琐事劳神,不患得患失,还可以通过午饭后适当打盹、多晒太阳、泡脚、天灸、膏方等方式,更好地养生。

三、要顺应四时,做好饮食调养

俗话说"三九补一冬,来年无病痛""药补不如食补"。冬季也是进补的好时机。而饮食调养则是最主要的调养方式。生冷少食、燥热不宜,滋阴潜阳的食物最为上等。
温补类食物,如鸡,羊肉,牛肉,鲫鱼等,可配枸杞、马蹄、甘蔗等同煮,具有一定的养阴功效。但过多地进食温补类食品,容易上火。
平补类食物,如莲子、芡实、苡仁、赤豆、大枣、燕窝、蛤士蟆、银耳、猪肝等,这些食物既无偏寒、偏温的特性,又无滋腻妨胃的不足。
滋补类食物,具有滋阴益肾、填精补髓的功效。主要有:木耳、黑枣、芝麻、黑豆、猪脊、海参、龟肉、甲鱼、鲍鱼等。

【诗词欣赏】

小至
【唐】杜甫
天时人事日相催,
冬至阳生春又来。
刺绣五纹添弱线,
吹葭六琯动浮灰。
岸容待腊将舒柳,
山意冲寒欲放梅。
云物不殊乡国异,
教儿且覆掌中杯。

邯郸冬至夜思家
【唐】白居易
邯郸驿里逢冬至,
抱膝灯前影伴身。
想得家中夜深坐,
还应说着远行人。

 


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